Biodiversity and Ethical Business

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Academic articles

category count 7 billets

1996 - Simpson et al - Valuing Biodiversity for Use in Pharmaceutical Research

’Biodiversity prospecting’ has been touted as a mechanism for both discovering new pharmaceutical products and saving endangered ecosystems. It is unclear what values may arise from such activities, however. Evidence from transactions is incomplete and existing theoretical models are flawed. The authors calculate an upper bound on the value of the ’marginal species.’ Even under favorable assumptions this bound is modest. Slightly modified assumptions lead to drastically lower estimates. The authors extend their findings to the value of the marginal hectare of habitat and find that the incentives for habitat conservation generated by private pharmaceutical research are also, at best, very modest.

2001 - Craft and Simpson - The Value of Biodiversity in Pharmaceutical Research with Differentiated Products

Title The Value of Biodiversity in Pharmaceutical Research with Differentiated Products Authors Amy B. Craft, R. David Simpson Date 2001 Abstract Biologists and conservation advocates have expressed grave concern over perceived threats to biological diversity. “Biodiversity prospecting” – the search among naturally occurring organisms for new (...)

2002 - Dyllick and Hockerts - Beyond the Business Case for Corporate Sustainability

Title Beyond the Business Case for Corporate Sustainability Authors Thomas Dyllick, Kai Hockerts Date 2002 Abstract The article is intended as a contribution to the ongoing conceptual development of corporate sustainability. At the business level sustainability is often equated with eco-efficiency. However, such a reduction misses several (...)

2005 - Athanas - The role of business in biodiversity and impact assessment

Title The role of business in biodiversity and impact assessment Authors Andrea Athanas Date 2005 Abstract Much has been done in recent years to generate international policy frameworks that promote the integration of biodiversity into impact assessment (Ramsar Convention, Resolution VIII.9 (2002), Convention on Biological Diversity, Decision VI- (...)

2007 - Mulder - Assessing Exposure of Financial Institutions to Biodiversity Business Risks and Identifying Options for Business Opportunities

Title Assessing Exposure of Financial Institutions to Biodiversity Business Risks and Identifying Options for Business Opportunities Authors Ivo Mulder Date 2007 Abstract Following the spur of climate change up the international business agenda, biodiversity possesses characteristics of becoming the next challenge for the financial sector. This (...)

2009 - Bishop et al - New Business Models for Biodiversity Conservation

Title New Business Models for Biodiversity Conservation Authors Joshua Bishop, Sachin Kapila, Frank Hicks, Paul Mitchell, Francis Vorhies Date 2009 Abstract New financing mechanisms for tropical forest conservation, based on payments for ecosystem services, often involve the development of new business models. Suppliers of ecosystem services may (...)

2009 - Houdet et al - Accounting for Changes in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services from a Business Perspective

Accounting for Changes in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services from a Business Perspective